Biological Facts about Flowers
If you’re a budding conversationalist – who enjoys blooming good trivia – then this botany blog is just for you! We’ve handpicked a bunch of floral facts from all over the globe.
Botany, otherwise known as plant science, is the study of plant life; how plants interact with other organisms and their environment. In this instalment, Lilies, Gerberas, Roses are under the microscope.
Botanical name: Lilium | Family: Liliaceae
Only flowers that are born of the Liliaceae family can rightfully take the name Lily. Many flowers that belong to other groups have borrowed the title, such as the day-lily, water-lily, or arum-lily.
Lilies grow best when planted in groups of three or five identical bulbs.
Don’t be fooled by their delicate look! Able to survive more than two years in the wild, a lily is quite a resilient plant.
Tulips and Lilies both belong to the Liliaceae family, which means that they are related.
Botanical name: Gerbera jamesonii | Family: Daisy
Gerberas may be named after the German botanist, Traugott Gerber, who discovered them, but they are proudly South African. This is why they are also known as “Barberton Daisies”.
Gerberas are native to the “Lowveld” in the Mpumalanga province of South Africa. The Lowveld is an Afrikaans term which denotes “The sub-tropical region of north-eastern South Africa, lying mostly at an altitude of under 600 metres” – Dictionary of South African English
If you are battling to sleep, it’s a good idea to keep Gerberas in your bedroom. Unlike other flowers, Gerberas discharge oxygen and absorb carbon dioxide (and other toxins in the air) air at night!
Gerberas are phototrophic, just like Sunflowers. They turn to the sun to ensure that they get as much warmth and light as possible.
The Gerbera appears to be a single flower but is actually a cluster of hundreds of individual flowers.
Botanical name: Rosa | Family: Rosaceae
According to fossil evidence, Roses are 35 million years old. It is said that cultivation began in China some 5000 years ago.
Roses are super thirsty plants. A single rose consumes about 13 litres before blossoming. That’s why all the rose-growing countries are near the equator in areas where water is ample.
Rose bushes lose their leaves in Autumn because they are deciduous, but some will keep their leaves for longer than others. As perennial, they produce new leaves in the next growing season. Félicité Perpétue’ and ‘Adélaïde d’Orléans’, descendants of the wild Rosa sempervirens, are exceptions as both have evergreen tendencies.
Bonus Botanical Fact
We aren’t sure why, but white flowers of most flower species emit a stronger scent than their coloured counterparts.
Picking The Perfect Flower Gift
There are over 400,000 types of flowering plants in the world, but classic flowers like Roses, Lilies, or Gerbera’s never go out of style.